Central Coast Rainforest
Islands along BC's central coast (Photo by NCC)
In the central region of British Columbia's west coast, the coastal temperate rainforests contain more living matter than any other ecosystem on the planet. This natural area is one of the last places on Earth where large, pristine expanses of these ancient rainforests remain. The natural area supports abundant runs of Pacific salmon and populations of bears, including the iconic Kermode or Spirit bear. Varied and rugged landscapes characterize this region: low-lying islands, steep-walled fjords and channels, coastal plains, high mountains and valley bottoms.
Part of the iconic Great Bear Rainforest, this biological treasure contains biodiversity hotspots like estuaries, which are naturally rare transition zones between fresh and salt water. Estuaries are the focus of the Nature Conservancy of Canada's (NCC's) conservation work in this natural area, which spans across the traditional territories of the Heiltsuk, Kitasoo/Xai’Xais, Nuxalk and Wuikinuxv First Nations.
Traditionally, forestry activity is the major threat along the central coast. High-profile, international campaigns to save the Great Bear Rainforest have inspired significant collaboration between governments, Indigenous groups, non-profit organizations and industry. Together, these groups are attempting to implement innovative sustainable resource-harvesting practices and to establish new protected areas.
NCC has been involved in this natural area since the acquisition of the Koeye Estuary Conservation Area in 2005, and in the following decade acquired 1,893 acres (766 hectares) in the natural area. The next stage of conservation efforts will prioritize building relationships with local communities to more effectively and strategically protect this remote area's natural values.
Gullchucks forest (Photo by NCC)
Situated at the head of a watershed, the Ellerslie Lake property protects habitat for grizzly bears, marbled murrelet and northern goshawk. Migratory birds use Ellerslie Lake as a stopover on the Pacific Flyway.
The Gullchucks Estuary brings together huge stands of old-growth coastal rainforest, a wild salmon-bearing river, and a floodplain and estuary that provides habitat for hundreds of coastal species. Learn more>
Forest undergrowth (Photo by NCC)
Koeye River Estuary
The Koeye River estuary has been identified by scientists as one of the most outstanding estuarine areas in British Columbia. It is listed as a Protected Area under the Great Bear Rainforest agreement. Together with the adjacent Namu watershed, the Koeye represents one of the largest complexes of ancient forests on the Central Coast. Learn more >