Pokemouche Nature Reserve, NB (Photo by NCC)
The Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) has been working on three sites in the Pokemouche area since 2003. The 189 acres (77 hectares) of protected habitat are located in the Grand Passage and Baie de Petit Pokemouche.
Pokemouche at a glance
The Nature Conservancy of Canada’s nature reserve in the Pokemouche community is located approximately 20 kilometres southeast of Caraquet.
This focal area is an extensive wetland system that includes peatbog, salt marsh and dunes.
This site is designated as an Important Bird Area (IBA) and is comprised of three main beaches: Baie-de-Petit-Pokemouche, Grand Passage and Plover Ground North.
There is a separate IBA site for this area called Pointe aux Rats Musqués Heronry. This IBA is mainly a peat bog that extends from the mainland shore into Baie-de-Petit-Pokemouche and has provided breeding habitat to great blue heron and what was once the largest black-crowned night heron colony in the Maritimes.
The waterfront property is characterized by a system of barrier beaches and dunes that protect the neighboring salt marsh habitat from ocean surges. It is an important piping plover and waterfowl nesting site.
American black ducks breed and stage in good numbers in the marshes of Pokemouche Bay, with as many as 300 individuals observed during the spring nesting season.
Shorebirds such as greater and lesser yellowlegs are common during fall migration and use the salt marsh habitat found here.
Salt marsh copper, one of the only five butterfly species endemic to Canada, has been observed here.