The Nature Conservancy of Canada's Nature Reserve in Escuminac, NB (Photo by Mike Dembeck)

The Nature Conservancy of Canada's Nature Reserve in Escuminac, NB (Photo by Mike Dembeck)

Point Escuminac Nature Reserve

NCC staff and some members of the Maxfield Family during property visit, Point Escuminac, NB (Photo by Mike Dembeck)

NCC staff and some members of the Maxfield Family during property visit, Point Escuminac, NB (Photo by Mike Dembeck)

A rare ecological treasure

Thanks to a generous donation by a family, the Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) now owns nine parcels of ecologically significant land in Escuminac, about 55 kilometres east of Miramichi, New Brunswick.

These sites, totalling 634 acres (256 hectares) are situated on both sides of Point Escuminac with shorefront on both Miramichi Bay and the Northumberland Strait. The Northumberland Strait is home to some of Atlantic Canada’s rarest habitats and species. The project was announced in 2013.


NCC wishes to recognize and thank the Maxfield family of the United States, who made this gift. Individual donations were received from Margaret Maxfield (mother) and her children, Daniel Maxfield, David (Kathy Becker) Maxfield and Elaine (J.D.) Starling.
The family purchased the land in 1980 and used it as a summer place. Their father was a visiting professor at the University of New Brunswick in Fredericton and fell in love with New Brunswick. So the Maxfields would pack their vehicle each summer and come and literally live off the beaches and land in this corner of eastern New Brunswick.

Years later, having all grown up and living so far away, the children wanted to see the site conserved.

“We want to remember this gorgeous piece of land and love it the way it was and has always been. To have the Nature Conservancy of Canada exist, where we can donate this property and feel like we are being good stewards without being here to be the good stewards because we can’t, and feel confident that it will remain as pristine as it was when were we were is a real blessing,” said David Maxfield.

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Conservation values

Point Escuminac is a very high priority area for the Nature Conservancy of Canada. It is one of the few remaining places where the nationally endangered piping plover can nest and raise its young without disturbance.

The Escuminac beaches provide critical habitat for 25 percent of New Brunswick’s breeding population of piping plover. Rare peat cliffs can be found where the sea erodes the edge of an ancient 9,000-year-old coastal bog, exposing fossilized forests.

This diverse coastline includes forest, bog, salt marsh, sandy beach and eel-grass beds. It`s also a birding paradise. Flocks of waterfowl congregate offshore, while bald eagles, osprey and marsh hawks cruise the open wetlands and shorebirds feed and rest on the beach and in wetland pools.


  • The conservation lands partially fall within the Escuminac Beaches Important Bird Area and two provincial Environmentally Significant Areas.
  • Several of the properties front onto Miramichi Bay, which has one of the highest spring sea duck counts in the province.
  • The properties feature an old eastern white cedar forest stand, along with pure softwood (spruce and fir or larch), mixed stands and pure hardwood stands. Dominant hardwood species include poplar, red maple and white birch.
  • Ten provincially rare plant species are found on the properties, including Virginia chainfern, peach-leaved dock, swamp birch and white-fringed orchid.


The Nature Conservancy of Canada wishes to recognize the following organizations for their financial support in completing the project:

  • the Government of Canada’s Natural Areas Conservation Program
  • Enbridge Inc.
  • the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, through the North American Wetlands Conservation Act
  • Friends of the Nature Conservancy of Canada
  • Rayworth & Roberts Surveys Ltd.

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