Happy Valley Forest
White trilliums in Happy Valley Forest, Ontario (Photo by NCC)
The Happy Valley Forest is one of the largest remaining intact upland deciduous forest on Canada's Oak Ridges Moraine. Located in King Township in the northwest of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), this 1,560-acre (631-hectare) area supports more than 110 breeding bird species, and is an outstanding example of the mature sugar maple and beech upland forests that are characteristic of the moraine.
The area's wetlands and upland forest are critical to the survival of nationally significant species such as Acadian flycatcher and cerulean warbler, and provide an ideal home for many other plant and animal species, including a wide range of wildflowers and several salamander species. The area also holds special cultural significance, given its association with the Toronto Carrying Place, a historic portage and travel route.
The Happy Valley Forest is a special area that features all the elements necessary to achieve old growth in the next 50 years, at a scale large enough to allow for natural disturbances such as wildfires, insect outbreaks, disease and severe storms. These events can significantly impact the structure and composition of any landscape.
Because larger landscapes can accommodate the impact of natural disturbances, it is important to protect the Happy Valley Forest at this scale. Nowhere else on the western Moraine or within the GTA is old-growth forest of this extent achievable.
Old-growth forests provide important functions in the ecosystem; they provide important habitat for plants and animals, sequester carbon, protect streams, and more. Essentially, old-growth forests act as a reservoir for biodiversity.
Over the past 30 years, the Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) has helped protect more than 3,500 acres (1,400 hectares) on the Oak Ridges Moraine, of which almost 737 acres (298 hectares) are in Happy Valley. NCC's long-term goal for the area is to raise enough funds and create partnerships to protect and manage a 700-acre (283-hectare) heritage forest. Under NCC's careful management, the core of the Happy Valley Forest will become a model for old-growth ecology and forest management in eastern North America.
Thanks to donations of land and conservation agreements from local landowners and funding from supporters of the Oak Ridges Moraine, NCC is well on its way to helping realise this dream.