Nature Conservancy of Canada Celebrates World Wetlands Day
If you brushed your teeth this morning, chances are you used water to rinse. You may have also cooked a meal or quenched your thirst with water. World Wetlands Day helps us recognize and more fully understand that wetlands are making our lives better by working for us throughout the seasons.
By recognizing World Wetlands Day we can learn more about wetlands, the great work they do for our environment and for us, and why we should care and conserve them.
Wetlands are called many things...sloughs, potholes, bogs or fens, marshes, swamps or lowlands that can only sometimes hold water.
No matter the name, wetlands are a substantial part of our lives and deserve our care, and our respect.
Wetlands help mitigate the extremes of flooding or drought, and they store carbon by helping remove sediments, impurities, excess nutrients and bacteria, cleansing waters used for cooking, bathing and quenching thirst. Over two-thirds of Canadians get their drinking water from lakes, rivers and reservoirs, and the quality of that water depends on watershed health and functioning wetlands. Like giant sponges, wetlands absorb, filter and replenish water as well as buffer our communities from climatic extremes.
Wetlands are also key nesting and feeding grounds for many migratory bird species including waterfowl and shorebirds, and they are nursery habitat for amphibians and fish, as well. At least one-half of our wildlife species rely on wetlands for part of their lifecycle.
25% of the world's wetlands are on Canadian soil...more than in any other country...but they're disappearing readily, drained to construct roads and cities, and for industry and agricultural production. Wetland loss is most prevalent across southern Canada.
The Nature Conservancy of Canada's work in Saskatchewan's involves conserving vital floodplains, riparian areas and wetlands used by diverse wildlife species. As well as providing homes for wildlife, NCC's wetland work also benefits people. Wetlands provide recreational opportunities such as wildlife viewing, hiking, fishing and canoeing, along with educational opportunities for young and elderly as we learn, explore and enjoy nature.
NCC Saskatchewan's Reed Lake wetlands
In Saskatchewan, the Nature Conservancy of Canada has conserved 1,544 acres (625 hectares) around Reed Lake in southwestern Saskatchewan, in an area known as the Chaplin, Old Wives, Reed Lake area that is world-renowned for its numbers and diversity of shorebird species.
This area was designated an area of hemispheric shorebird significance through the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network. From American avocets to sanderlings and sandpipers and the endangered piping plover, many birds can be easily viewed at this vital nesting and stopover haven.
NCC Saskatchewan's Quill Lakes wetlands
NCC's Big Quill Lake South, 460 acres (186 hectares) of shallow saline wetland with mixed grasslands, is part of Saskatchewan's Quill Lakes in south-central Saskatchewan. This world-class birding habitat is also designated through the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network with international significance for shorebirds. In addition, the site is also an Important Bird Area and a Saskatchewan Heritage Marsh where visitors can view many species of waterfowl and shorebirds.
Birdwatching at the Quill Lakes involves great viewing of sandhill cranes, snow geese, yellow warblers, LeConte's, clay-coloured and Nelson's sharp-tailed sparrows, and colonies of American white pelicans and double-crested cormorants. Stop and stage shorebird species include the black-bellied plover, Hudsonian godwit, stilt sandpiper, sanderling, semipalmated sandpiper, long-billed dowitcher, red-necked phalarope, lesser yellowlegs and more! Duck breeding is extraordinary, with mallards, northern shovelers, green- and blue-winged teal enjoying the area. The area's species at risk include Sprague's pipit, northern leopard frog, fescue prairie grass, piping plover and bobolink.
"The value of our wetlands cannot be overstated," says Mark Wartman, Nature Conservancy of Canada Regional Vice President for Saskatchewan. "From softening the extremes of drought and flooding, to helping cleanse our water supply and providing great birdwatching and recreational opportunities, wetlands contribute wholeheartedly to our quality of life."
- NCC in Saskatchewan conserves land in its natural state for the benefit of both people and wildlife.
- NCC in Saskatchewan conserves 6,167 acres (2,496 hectares) of wetlands!
- 83% of contributions to NCC go directly to on-the-ground conservation of Canada's natural spaces and wildlife, including species at risk habitat.
- NCC works with government at all levels, private industry, international and charitable organizations, academics, communities and individuals for long term land conservation.
- Ranchers and other landowners partner with NCC through grazing leases.
- NCC owns and manages properties near many southern and central Saskatchewan communities like Kenosee, Edenwold, Lang, Maymont, Asquith, Herbert, Keeler, Claydon and many more. Most NCC Saskatchewan properties are publicly accessible on foot.
The Nature Conservancy of Canada is the nation's leading land conservation organization, working to protect our most important natural areas and the species they sustain. Since 1962, NCC and its partners have helped to protect more than 2.8 million acres (1.1 million hectares) coast to coast, including over 150,000 acres (60,700 hectares) in Saskatchewan. The NCC has conserved habitat for over 200 species at risk.
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