In all corners of picturesque Nova Scotia, from rural areas to Halifax County, we are diligently working to sustain the province's natural heritage for today and for our children and grandchildren. Following our conservation blueprints, the Nature Conservancy of Canada (NCC) is engaged in a number of exciting projects. From strategic land securement initiatives, to restoring and protecting habitat, to carrying out important stewardship and land management activities, we are making a difference.
A focal area within the Northumberland Strait, the Chignecto Isthmus is a narrow land bridge measuring only 15 kilometres that joins Nova Scotia to New Brunswick and the rest of the continent. It is an important ecological corridor for terrestrial species, and the only route for wildlife to move in and out of Nova Scotia. The Chignecto Isthmus is also considered a wetland hotspot, with its extensive system of swamps, lakes, marshes and bogs.
Eastern Shore Forest and Coast
This area contains outstanding examples of mature forests, wetlands, large lakes, granite ridges and bogs. Large tracts of wilderness support species at risk, including nationally endangered wood turtle and provincially endangered mainland moose. Salt marshes, brackish lagoons and tidal mudflats along the eastern shore, including the Ramsar-designated Musquodoboit Harbour and Outer Estuary, make this an area of national significance to migratory waterfowl.
Our work in the Northumberland Strait extends along the south shore of the strait from the Nova Scotia–New Brunswick border to St. George's Bay, including the watersheds that begin in the Cobequid Hills and flow to the strait. Piping plovers breed along the coast here, and its productive eelgrass-filled estuaries provide spawning and nursery habitat for a wide variety of marine fauna, including commercially important fishes.
The southwest region of Nova Scotia, named Southwest Nova natural area, is designated as a biosphere reserve by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). This natural area is one that has the most biological diversity in eastern Canada. This region features extensive and rich coastal ecosystems, a large network of freshwater lakes, rivers, streams and wetlands, as well as wide stretches of almost intact Acadian forest. These lands are home to important provincial and regionally rare and at-risk species such as eastern baccharis, harlequin duck, bobolink, short-eared owl and willet.