Mount Saint-Étienne slopes natural area (Photo by NCC)

Mount Saint-Étienne slopes natural area (Photo by NCC)

Reptiles and amphibians

  • Allegheny mountain dusky salamander (Photo by Chia AKA Cory-Chiappone (CC-BY-NC))
    Allegheny mountain dusky salamander

    The Allegheny mountain dusky salamander is slim and small, and ranges from seven to 10 centimetres in length.

  • Blanding's Turtle (Photo by NCC)
    Blanding's turtle

    Blanding’s turtles are medium-sized freshwater turtles.

  • Blue racer (Photo by Joe Crowley)
    Blue racer

    The blue racer, a non-venomous snake, is the second longest snake species in Ontario, growing up to two metres in length. It is named for its ability to reach speeds of up to seven kilometres per hour, and its grayish blue or blue-green colour.

  • Eastern foxsnake (Photo by Ryan M. Bolton)
    Eastern foxsnake

    The eastern foxsnake is a provincial and national species at risk whose status was elevated from threatened to endangered in April 2008.

  • Eastern hog-nosed snake (Photo by Ken Towle)
    Eastern hog-nosed snake

    Canada's Species at Risk Act lists the eastern hog-nosed snake as threatened.

  • Musk turtle (Photo by Dawson)
    Eastern musk turtle

    Sometimes referred to as the "stinkpot" turtle, this species emits a strong odour, especially when it is frightened.

  • Five-lined skink (Photo by Will Brown, CC-BY)
    Five-lined skink

    The only lizard species native to Ontario, the five-lined skink is a small hunter with a tail that can detach when attacked by predators.

  • Four-toed salamander (Photo by Brian Gratwicke)
    Four-toed salamander

    The four-toed salamander is native to eastern North America. It has no lungs; instead it breathes through its skin and the roof of its mouth.

  • Gray ratsnake (Photo by Jessica Ferguson)
    Gray ratsnake

    Native to North America, the non-venomous gray ratsnake is the largest snake in Canada, reaching approximately 190 centimetres in length.

  • Greater short-horned lizard (Photo by Alan Schmierer)
    Greater short-horned lizard

    The greater short-horned lizard is the only species of lizard found in Alberta and Saskatchewan. It is sometimes called the “horned toad” because of its squat appearance, although it’s not a toad at all.

  • Lake Erie watersnake (Photo by NCC)
    Lake Erie watersnake

    Lake Erie watersnakes are medium-sized, non-venomous snakes. They are one of two subspecies of the common watersnake found in Canada.

  • Massasauga rattlesnake (Photo by Tim Vickers)
    Massasauga rattlesnake

    This is Ontario’s only venomous snake. Despite its fearsome reputation, the massasauga rattlesnake is shy and docile, and avoids human contact whenever possible.

  • One of the mudpuppies found during the survey (Photo by NCC)

    The mudpuppy is Canada’s largest salamander species. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed the mudpuppy as least concern globally. It is also considered not at risk in Canada according to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada.

  • Northern leopard frog (Photo by Barb Houston)
    Northern leopard frog

    The northern leopard frog measures five to 10 centimetres in length and is green or brown with dark spots surrounded by light halos. Females are typically bigger than males.

  • Northern map turtle (Photo by Gordon E. Robertson)
    Northern map turtle

    This is a large freshwater species.

  • Northern red-legged frog (Photo by Fernando Lessa)
    Northern red-legged frog

    Despite its name, the northern red-legged frog’s legs are not completely red.

  • Eastern painted turtle (Photo by Greg Schechter)
    Painted turtle

    There are three subspecies of painted turtle in Canada: eastern, western and midland.

  • A prairie rattlesnake neonate - note the triangular shaped head and yellowish-green colouration.(Photo by Wonnita Andrus/NCC staff)
    Prairie rattlesnake

    You are likely to hear this species before you see it.

  • Prairie skink (Photo courtesy Wikimedia Commons)
    Prairie skink

    The prairie skink has a brown or tan back with darker sides and is easily distinguished by the lines running down its body. It is 13 to 22 centimetres (five to nine inches) in length and has short legs.

  • Queen snake (Photo by Joe Crowley)
    Queen snake

    Commonly thought of as cold-blooded and aggressive, most of Ontario’s snakes are actually quite elegant and good-natured. Take, for instance, the queen snake – the royal reptile.

  • Snapping turtle (Photo by Ontley)
    Snapping turtle

    Snapping turtles are the largest freshwater turtles in Canada.

  • Spiny softshell (Photo by Ryan M. Bolton)
    Spiny softshell turtle

    With its flat, soft shell and long thin nose, the spiny softshell turtle often attracts public curiosity, but it is actually a shy and nervous creature, and is highly vulnerable. In fact, the species is officially listed as threatened in Quebec.

  • Spotted turtle (Photo by John Mitchell, Figment Films)
    Spotted turtle

    Spotted turtles are a small freshwater species.

  • Spring salamander (Photo by John D. Wilson)
    Spring salamander

    Nestled in Covey Hill in Quebec's St. Lawrence Lowlands is a population of a very special species: the spring salamander.

  • Allegheny mountain dusky salamander (Photo by Frédérick Lelièvre, Quebec Government)
    Stream salamander

    What amphibians have no lungs and depend on the humidity of their environment to survive? Stream salamanders!

  • Western chorus frog (Photo by Josh Vandermeulen, Creative Commons)
    Western chorus frog

    A small frog with a distinctive call, found in Quebec and Ontario.

  • Wood Frog (Photo by Michael Zahniser, Wikimedia Commons)
    Wood frog

    With its distinctive black eye-mask, the wood frog can be found in forests across most of Canada. When winter comes, this frog has adapted to freeze solid until spring arrives.

  • Curious wood turtle (Photo by Ryan M. Bolton)
    Wood turtle

    The wood turtle is listed as a species at risk both federally (threatened) and provincially (endangered). The wood turtle's range is restricted to wooded streams and rivers in northeastern North America. In Canada, it only occurs in Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.

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Funding provided by Environment and Climate Change Canada